(Monday, October 07, 2014)

Summary: Azoospermia treatment is based on the cause of the condition. Since there are many different causes of the condition, treatment can only be recommended after a complete diagnosis of the condition and identification of its cause.

Men are being diagnosed with azoospermia all too often these days and this medical condition is so complicated that treatment is also not always all too easy. Azoospermia treatment can be challenging, especially if you try to take the natural route. Therefore, it is important to seek medical help for the treatment. Azoospermia is a condition in which a man's semen does not contain any detectable amounts of sperm. Though the condition affects only about 1% of the male population, it attributes to about 20% of male infertility.

Azoospermia treatment may depend on the type of condition. There are two types.

1. non-obstructive azoospermia: In which the body is unable to produce any sperms.

2. The second is obstructive azoospermia: A condition where there is an obstruction in the male reproductive tract.

This way, though sperms are produced, they are not ejaculated and therefore the semen does not have any traceable quantities of sperms. Posttesticular azoospermia is an obstructive type azoospermia. This is the most common type of azoospermia, in which the sperms are produced, but a blockage in the genital tract prevents semen ejaculation. Posttesticular azoospermia may be caused by a congenital absence of the vas deferens, cystic fibrosis, idiopathic epididymal obstruction, and infection or scarring due to a vasectomy or accidental injury.

Sometimes, men may experience idiopathic azoospermia, which is a condition in which the cause of azoospermia remains unknown. Recent research has shown some relationship between azoospermia and obesity, so overweight men are more likely to develop idiopathic azoospermia.

Azoospermia Treatment

Azoospermia treatment is often based on the medical condition responsible for it. The treatment options, therefore, depend on the specific diagnosis. Two men experiencing the condition may have treated differently. Ultimately, it is important to remember that the cause of azoospermia may be varied and the treatment depends on the cause. For men who have genetic defects leading to azoospermia, the treatment options may be really limited. They may even not have any treatment options.

Hormonal treatments may be offered to those who have the condition because of hormonal disturbances. Hormonal medications may also be offered to those who experience testicular failure or other hormone related conditions. If there is obstructive azoospermia, it can be corrected with the help of surgery. The blockage is surgically removed to restore the normal and healthy flow of sperms into the semen. Surgery may also be used when the ejaculation of semen is not possible because of the obstruction in the ducts or abnormalities of the vas deferens. If there is any sperm production in the scrotum, it can be surgically removed through an injection. This sperm can be extracted and then used or frozen for performing IVF.

Please visit our website: Malpani Infertility Clinic

Authored by : Dr Aniruddha Malpani, MD and reviewed by Dr Anjali Malpani.

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