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Dealing with infertility is no easy task. The first hurdle is to complete your infertility tests. These are designed to determine the exact nature and cause of infertility, and can be very helpful in devising treatment plans.

Infertility Tests for Men

  • Semen Analysis – This is the most basic test performed on any man experiencing infertility. A semen specimen is collected and analyzed to check for the sperm count and motility

A woman's reproductive system is not only more elaborate, but also more complicated than a man's. For a woman to be fertile, her ovaries must be healthy and should be able to release healthy eggs. The reproductive tract should also be healthy enough to allow the egg to pass into the fallopian tubes. Her uterus should be healthy and the cervical mucus should aid in the movement of the sperms. Any impairment in any of these processes may cause infertility. Here are some of the tests that women have to undergo:

  • Ovulation Testing – A woman usually has to undergo an ovulation test in which a transvaginal ultrasound is used to monitor her follicle development and rupture. Blood tests may be performed to check for hormonal levels
  • Hysterosalpingography – This is a contrast test in which an X ray contras is injected into the uterus to check for any anomalies in the uterus and Fallopian tubes. This can help determine if there are any blockages in the reproductive organs


Infertility tests for both men and woman are used to determine the exact cause and nature of infertility. These tests help in determining the course of infertility treatments for the couple.

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Authored by : Dr Aniruddha Malpani, MD and reviewed by Dr Anjali Malpani.

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