(Monday, September 15, 2014)

Summary: In vitro fertilization is an extremely successful way for infertile patients having children. It can be combined with other medical procedures. It offers a high chance of success and allows everyone – no matter what their problem - to become parents.

The term 'in-vitro' literally means 'in glass'. This is to signify the glass tubes in which the washed sperms and the eggs are fertilized, to then be transferred into a woman's uterus. It is owing to this nomenclature that for a long time the babies conceived through this procedure were called test tube babies. However, over the years, the world has become more sensitive to the plight of couples who have struggled to have children of their own, and this insensitive term is no longer in use.

In vitro fertilization has a lot of benefits and though the most important part of the procedure is performed outside the body, the baby grows inside the human womb and is delivered like any normal baby.

For success, the IVF procedure requires three below things – that can carry the embryo to term.

  • Fertile eggs
  • Healthy sperms
  • Healthy uterus

With in vitro fertilization, anyone can have a baby – even if the parents cannot provide any of these three basic elements! It makes it possible for anyone – regardless of their health and sexual orientation, to have babies. This is the best and most successful way to become a parent. It also addresses the issues of infertility, even when this is unexplained. Women who have damaged Fallopian tubes or other infertility issues and men, who have unhealthy or insufficient sperms, also have an excellent chance of having children through this technique.

When used in combination with other techniques, such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), men and women with all kinds of infertility issues have been able to have children. Even when men are not able to ejaculate normally, testicular sperm aspiration and similar techniques may be used to extract their sperm for the procedure.

Most couples choose in vitro fertilization because it helps them conceive quickly and successfully. When using this procedure, couples can also opt for Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) , which can help eliminate chromosomal deficiencies in the embryo to have a healthy baby who is free of chromosomal defects. It also helps couples have babies when they want to without wasting time – “instant gratification”! They no longer have to try for many years before being able to have a child.

Since the procedure is performed in-vitro, even frozen eggs and sperm can be used. This gives couples the option to store their eggs and sperms to be used in the future. It can make pregnancy possible, even after a woman has achieved menopause. With IVF, even gestational surrogates can be used. This provides parents the option to allow someone else carry the pregnancy for them, in case the uterus is not healthy enough to carry a pregnancy to term.

Clinics such as Malpani Infertility Clinic at that offer you all the options for improved chances of fertilization and conception, should be your first choice when considering the procedure for having a child.

Authored by : Dr Aniruddha Malpani, MD and reviewed by Dr Anjali Malpani.

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