(Friday, September 12, 2014)

Summary: IVF is becoming popular around the world. Though expensive, it gives couples, who are experiencing infertility, their best chance of having a baby. Therefore, despite its cost, IVF remains one of the most sought after infertility treatments because it is so successful.

In the past, couples who couldn't conceive for medical reasons, would have no choice but to adopt a child or just forget about having a baby. However, things have changed now, and IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) has become a household word. The babies, who were once called 'test tube babies' are now welcomed into happy homes eagerly. Credited with the birth of more than 2,000,000 babies across the world, this procedure certainly requires keen attention to details, experience and expertise, without which the procedure may fail. Whether you have damaged Fallopian tubes, or low sperm counts, in vitro fertilization is your best chance to have a healthy baby.

IVF is a complex procedure, unlike the much more common, though not as successful, artificial insemination or IUI (intrauterine insemination). In IVF, the eggs and sperm from a healthy man and woman are combined together outside of the human body, in a laboratory. The eggs and sperms are allowed to form an embryo in the laboratory and once they are formed, they are placed into the uterus to grow. The procedure was first introduced in the UK in 1978, after which it has caught on in the rest of the world. Today, it is one of the most popular choices for conception among couples who have experienced infertility issues.

IVF has been successfully used to help couples conceive, despite several causes for infertility which include endometriosis, problems of ovulation, low sperm counts, problems in the uterus or fallopian tubes, or other unexplained fertility problems. Most couples undergo several different procedures before opting for in-vitro fertilization. The doctors at infertility clinics usually examine the couple thoroughly and then chart out the best course of action for them.

For in-vitro fertilization to be successful, the woman is injected with hormones to allow for the production of multiple eggs in her monthly cycle, instead of just one. The woman is then tested to ensure that she is ready for the egg retrieval. The eggs are monitored carefully so that they can be retrieved before they emerge from the ovaries. If the eggs are retrieved too early, or too late, they don't develop properly and the procedure will fail. The sperm is treated and washed to improve its efficiency and increase the chances of fertilization.

Egg collection is usually performed under anesthesia. All of this is complicated and requires a lot of expertise. Therefore, it becomes all the more important to find a clinic or a doctor, who has a lot of experience in this procedure. Clinics like Malpani Infertility Clinic at can help maximize your chances of getting pregnant and therefore you should opt to have them perform the procedure for you.

Authored by : Dr Aniruddha Malpani, MD and reviewed by Dr Anjali Malpani.

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