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Not many people realize it, but male infertility is as common as female infertility is. Unfortunately, even today in India, when a couple can’t get pregnant, it’s just assumed that the woman is at “fault” and that the problem lies with her. People (even the couple themselves), rarely ever take into consideration the fact that the man may be infertile.
There are a number of factors that cause male infertility- and these range from psychological issues to physical ones and a number of other things too. It’s commonly believed that fertility is a reflection of the overall health of the man, which is a fallacy. Even otherwise physically healthy men can be infertile.
The four categories
Typically, the factors that cause male infertility can be divided into 4 broad categories:
#1. Lifestyle Choices- It’s a proven fact that a number of male infertility cases are caused by poor lifestyle choices such as:
If it is diagnosed that the person’s infertility is related to any of these, it’s possible to modify and work on these behaviors and improve fertility.
#2. Hormonal Problems
Not many male infertility cases are directly caused by hormonal problems. This is an important factor because most of these can be easily treated. The different causes include:
#3. Medical Problems
There are a few different medical problems that can cause male infertility, such as:
#4. Sexual Problems
Male infertility may also be caused due to sexual issues. These affect male infertility as the sperm doesn’t get deposited in the vagina. They include:
Though some of these sexual conditions may be rectified with medication and behavioral therapy, for most men, these issues are best treated with medical interventions such as IVF or IUI.
There are a number of factors that cause male infertility-this range from psychological issues to physical ones and a number of other things too. Most of these are treatable, but some require assisted reproductive technology for treatment.
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