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IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization is a medical treatment that fertilizes the egg cells by the sperm outside the uterus. IVF is currently the most successful treatment option for infertility .
In most instances, it is used after other simpler treatments have been unsuccessful. The process requires the woman to begin hormone therapy for superovulation, to help in the production of multiple eggs. These eggs are then removed from the woman's ovaries, and are combined with sperm in the IVF lab, where the fertilization process occurs. Once the eggs are fertilized, the resulting embryo is transferred to the woman's uterus , and if it implants, then a pregnancy is established.
When IVF is used for treating male infertility (caused by sperm which are defective and are unable to fertilise the egg, a variant of IVF called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used. ICSI is the process in which the sperm is inserted directly into the egg cell using a micromanipulator, allowing the sperm to fertilise the egg.
Healthy eggs; sperm ; and a normal uterus are the three key elements that must be present for a successful In Vitro Fertilization. In the past few years, pregnancy rates have greatly improved as a result of IVF treatment; and in good clinics, they are as high as 46% pr cycle. The key is to find a reliable clinic which has a high success rate ; and a dedicated and experienced IVF team.
Want to find out if IVF can help you to have a baby ? Ask for a free second opinion from Dr Malpani, a leading IVF expert, at Click here . Taking treatment at a world-class clinic will maximize your chances of success and give you peace of mind you did your best !