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Ovarian cysts and infertility

Ovarian cysts are commonly found in young women, and are often detected on routine ultrasound scans. Since they are also found in infertile women, they cause considerable anxiety. Diagnosis of ovarian cysts is done through a ultrasound scan. Because ovarian cysts...

TB ( tuberculosis ) and infertility

Tuberculosis (TB) is still rampant in India; and TB of the genital tract used to be the commonest cause of tubal infertility in the past. Today, TB has become much less common, because of improved socioeconomic conditions. However, it is often misdiagnosed in infertil...

Asherman's Syndrome ( intrauterine adhesions)

What is Asherman's Syndrome? Asherman's Syndrome, or intrauterine adhesions ( scars or synechiae) occurs when adhesions (bands of fibrous scar tissue) form inside the uterus. The extent of the adhesions defines whether the case is mild, moderate or severe. A Grades sys...

HSG - Hysterosalpingogram

An HSG is done in a X-Ray clinic after the menstrual flow has stopped and the lining of the uterus is thin. A radio-opaque dye is injected into the uterine cavity and the passage of the dye into the uterine cavity and then into the tubes and from there into the abdomen...

Hysteroscopy

                                    Hysteroscopy, as the name suggests (hystero = uterus; scopy = to see), is a surgical procedure in which a telescope is inserted inside the uterus to examine the uterine lining. This procedure can assist in the diagnosis of various ut...

Endometrial ( uterine) polyps - and how they affect fertility

Endometrial or uterine polyps are soft, fingerlike growths which develop in the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). They develop because of excessive multiplication of the endometrial cells, and are hormonally dependent , so that they increase in size depending upon...

Fibroids and infertility

Fibroids are smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. They grow from the muscle cells of the uterus and are also called uterine leiomyomas, or myomas. They are benign ( non-cancerous), and are the commonest tumours found in a young woman. Since they are so common ( about 25%...

PESA - non-surgical epididymal sperm aspiration for treating obstructive azoospermia

The best treatment choice for the man with obstructive azoospermia (zero sperm count because of a block in the reproductive tract) is percutaneous epididymal sperm extraction (PESA) with ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) in which epididymal sperm are injected into...

Day 3: FSH Test to Determine Fertility

FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) stimulates the growth of the egg-bearing follicles in your ovaries. FSH levels vary during the menstrual cycle and are best measured at its peak or baseline (basal) level. What is FSH ? FSH is an acronym which stan...

Estradiol Test

Estradiol (E2) is the primary estrogenic hormone in the female reproductive cycle. The estradiol test is a simple blood test used to measure the levels of estradiol in your blood stream. Estradiol Test What is Estradiol? Estradiol (E2) is the primar...