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Asherman's Syndrome ( intrauterine adhesions)
What is Asherman's Syndrome? Asherman's Syndrome, or intrauterine adhesions ( scars or synechiae) occurs when adhesions (bands of fibrous scar tissue) form inside the uterus. The extent of the adhesions defines whether the case is mild, moderate or severe. A Grades sys...
About HSG - Hysterosalpingogram | How is HSG perfomed ?
An HSG is done in a X-Ray clinic after the menstrual flow has stopped and the lining of the uterus is thin. A radio-opaque dye is injected into the uterine cavity and the passage of the dye into the uterine cavity and then into the tubes and from there into the abdomen...
Hysteroscopy, as the name suggests (hystero = uterus; scopy = to see), is a surgical procedure in which a telescope is inserted inside the uterus to examine the uterine lining. This procedure can assist in the diagnosis of various ut...
Endometrial ( uterine) polyps - and how they affect fertility
Endometrial or uterine polyps are soft, fingerlike growths which develop in the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). They develop because of excessive multiplication of the endometrial cells, and are hormonally dependent , so that they increase in size depending upon...
Fibroids and infertility
Fibroids are smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. They grow from the muscle cells of the uterus and are also called uterine leiomyomas, or myomas. They are benign ( non-cancerous), and are the commonest tumours found in a young woman. Since they are so common ( about 25%...
PESA - non-surgical epididymal sperm aspiration for treating obstructive azoospermia
The best treatment choice for the man with obstructive azoospermia (zero sperm count because of a block in the reproductive tract) is percutaneous epididymal sperm extraction (PESA) with ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) in which epididymal sperm are injected into...
What is Follicle Stimulating Hormone ? | Interpret FSH levels to determine fertility
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) stimulates the growth of the egg-bearing follicles in your ovaries. FSH levels vary during the menstrual cycle and are best measured at its peak or baseline (basal) level. What is FSH? FSH is an acronym that stands for Follicle St...
Estradiol (E2) & E2 test - Meaning and process | Estradiol levels during IVF
Estradiol (E2) is the primary estrogenic hormone in the female reproductive cycle. The estradiol test is a simple blood test used to measure the levels of estradiol in your bloodstream. Estradiol Test What is Estradiol? Estradiol (E2) is the primary estrogen, the maj...
OHSS - Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
The most worrisome complication of IVF is that of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), because of superovulation. The cause of "ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome" is that superovulated ovaries contain many follicles which are loaded with estrogen. After ovulation,...
Prolactin and infertility | Interpretation of prolactin levels
What is Prolactin? Prolactin is a hormone that is secreted by your pituitary gland, a pea-sized gland found below the brain. Prolactin is found in both men and women and is released at various times throughout the day and night. As the name suggests, the role of prolac...